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'_Xj:j^ J^'^ED -JOTHE PRACTlCit 

" EntiTdi at t/ic Pust Office of New Vvrk, N. T., o« secandrclasa matter." 


VOL. V. NO. 2. 



r oC QucNlioned Haiidwrltiuff. 

«. H. SBLl'rruCK, 

General Agent Sponccriim Copy Booto. 

Circiil ara F ree to Auy Address. 


Bond Street, New 'S 

J. H. BARL01V 

205 Broadwaj. 


Chamber ot Commerce, Detroit, Micb. 
AMAYHKW. LL-D. Pr**irlfnt. 


20 Cliff street. New York. 
Ptiolo-Electrotypea for lUiiBtrotious are clieapor am 


it 300 Fulton SIroet, Brookljii. 

[Twenty years at 205 Fulton Strc 


Fort Wayne, Indiana. 
T* most thorougli and proctiral. 

ADDIS ALBRO. Principal. 


Printei* of 

IieBSOns in Practical Writing. 
No. VI. 

" It must hiive been a special gift" is a i-orn- 
mon observftlion when an unusual degree ol' 
skill is displayed in the use of the pen. This 
idea is not only rallacious, but is exceedingly 
pernicious as regards the acquisition of good 
writiii" inasmuch ns it tetida to diacoumgc 
pupils who write badly by leudiny tliem to be. 
lieve that, not having "the gift" they are 
debarred from becoming good writers. 

Good writing is no more a gift than is good 
reading, spelling, grammar or any other ttttain- 

:, and 

the i 

way 1 

be I 

acquired, viz.: by patient and studious effort. 
Vyriting Is just as much a subject for scudy 
and thought as any other branch of educAtion. 
Study must, however, be united with practice. 
The correct form and construction of writing 
mnst be learned by study, while practice must 
give the manaul dexterity for its easy and grace- 
ful execution. Many pei-aons fail to become 
good writers from not properly uniting study 
and practice. Careful study with too little 
practice will give writing comparative!; 
rate in Its form and 
but labored, stilT and awkward in its execution, 
while upon the other hand much practice 
with little study imparts a more easy and flow- 
ing style, but with much less accuracy as re- 
gards the forms of the letters and general pro- 
porlion nnd construction of the writing, which 
will commonly have a loose and sprawly ap- 
pearance. Example of writing which has re- 
sulted more from study than practice. 

will s 

Undoubtedly many of onr 
cibly illustrated in one of these examples their 
own experience; so niniufeat is the effect of these 
different modes of practice, that we have only 



:e at a piece of writing 
which ft writer has combined study with 
pnu'tice while learning to write. 

We have in previous lessons considered 
position, movement, unity of form, correct 
proportion and spacing, as the essentials to 
good writing. We shall now direct special 
attention to a correct an* uniform slope as 
another essential to good writing. 

The degree of slope now adopted 
by the leading authora and one 
j^'*" YSl which we approve, is at nn angle 
of S2° from the horizontal, as 
per diagram. 

The relative ctTecta of 
slope may be seen in the following examph 

the slope of different letters 
d their parts will be rendered much more 
perceptible by drawing straight extended lines 
through their parts thus : 

ihe ob^t 

In practicing 
altcmion be giv< 
rectiou of these faults. 

Exercise to be practiced for r 

special attention to certain 
with each lesson we, by 
would have any one lose sight of 
e previously mentioned. 

We find the first mention made of writing in 
Exodus 17: 14. And the Lord said unto Moses, 
"write this for a memorial in a book, and re- 
hearse it in the ears of Joshua," etc. And in 
Exodus 24: 4, "and Moses wrote all the word>i 
of the Lord, and rose up early in the raoniing 
imd buildcd an altar under the hill, and twelve 
pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel." 
Seventh verse: "and he took the book of the 
covenant and read in the audience of the peo- 
ple." And they said: "All that the Lord hath 
i<uid will we do, and be obedient." Twelfth 
verse: "And the Lord said imto Moses, come 
up to inc into the Mount and be there, and I 
will give thee a table of stone, and a law, and 
comniaudmeuts which I have ifritten, that thou 
maycst teach them." 

Exodus '6i: 1. "And the Lord said unto 
Mobc;s, hew thee two tables of stone like unto 
the tii-st, and I will vyrite upon these tables thu 
words that were in the first tables which thou 
brenkcsl." Twenty-eighth verse: "And he was 
there on the Mount with the Lord forty days 
and forty nights, and he did neither eat bread 
drink water, and he wrote upon the tables 

the words of the 



Owing to an unfortunate mistake by which 
tie main cut in the following illustrations was 
iserted upside down, and several thousand 
ojies of the January number printed before 
ihl mistake was discovered, we here repeat this 
[Ttion of that lesson. 

Bnch care should be exercised while practicing 
I employ the proper curve for connecting let- 
!8 and their parts. It is a very common and 
g^evous fault in writing that a straight line or 
thtwrong curve is employed in the construction 
am, connection of letters, thus leaving them 
wi<ont distinctive character, or imparting one 
wish Is false and misleading. As for instance, 
a fmi made thus yf^ is really no letter, but 

aiiQossiblyfora^^^,^^. In cases where the 

coiixt does not determine, its identity 

beopes a mere matter of guess, and when ex- 
tentj thus ^'^^^;;f^ its significance, as will be 
sceq is still more vague and un- 

ccrtl ; as it might he intended for cither of the 
follcflig seven combinations : 

Witbpi-operly trained hand no more time or 
efforo required to impart the true and unmis- 
takau characteristics to each letter than to I 
makorms whose identity is open to doubt and 
conjejrc. j 

Ancient Writing. 

Th)rt of writing is most ancient, and the 

accoijof its origiu lost in the distance of time. 

It is^ar from history that it had its com- 

■arly period in some 

The pen is first mentioned in the Bible in 
Job Vd: '24. In Job's complaint of misery he 
says : "0, that my words were written; 0, that 
they were printed in a book; that they were 
graven with an tron- ^Cft and lead in the rock. 

My heart its inditing a good i 
I speak of the things which I have made touch- 
ing the King; my tongue is the -pen of a ready 

Jeremiah 17: 1. "The sin of Judah is writ- 
ten with a -pen of iron, and with the point of 
a diamond; it is graven upon the table of their 
heart, and upon the horns of your altui-e." 

""' ' therefore, much reason to believe 
understood among 

that the t 

the Jews while other nations were yet without 
' 1, and that from them it baa passed : 

;s, and has been handed dow 

The Komans practiced running hand as early 
as the fourth century. The Greeks and Romans 
believed that the Phccnicians wer« the inventors 
of lerti-rs. mid that the knowledge of it was 
bfoutrlit liv t'aiiiHUs iroru Thcenicia into Greece 

Finn, tlh.' I'li.iiiiiiiin, or the Hebrew, with 
whith i[ is t;losu[\ alliud, arc derived the Urien. 
tul iilplmbet u.^t-'d in Asia, written from right 
to left. The priucipal being the Syriac, Arabic 

•riginal Greek was first written from 
left and then right to left and left to 
lutively. But inscriptions dated 
re written from left to right, or in 

742 B. C. w. 

the way non 

One of thi 

cut out the I 

--"III »\ '- II I ■! i\ //ii^'liarias when he named 
io fULi .luliu. Luke i ; ti3, "And he asked for 
writing-table and wrote, saying his name is 
ohn. And they marveled all." 

they covered these tables 

I wanted to be r 

'ith 1 

gioJF the East, and from thence 

i of the world. Many have aup- 

poscifat the knowledge of lottcio ««<. ^vi-u 
to irlby direct revclatiou from God. The 
Biblcfes us the earliest notice on the subject 
that iiywherc to be found. 

Mq we are told, received the two tables 
of tlpvcnant on Mount Sinai, written with | and 
the Or of God ; and before that, Moses him- substam 
self I not ignorant of the use of lettei-s. to trace the letters 

that. The 
: letters on these rabies 
i; of iron called a .itylej 
of trees were early 
the thin films peeled 
reed Papyrus, which 
Nile, a material was 
I the purpose much 

off from the Egyptia 
grow along the rive 
formed which auswei 

Cloth of linen and sometimes of cotton was 
another ancient material for writing. 

The skins of animals, also, were prepared 
for the purpose. About aoO years bclbre 
Christ, the i ' " " ' 

of preparing them 

10 great pericciion in the city ot I'crgiui 

whence they received the name I^crguiiu 

'''-" ' English, has changed into pa rob mi 

QB still in use. For writing on si 

i reed, formed into a pen, wua u: 

with ink of some sort, al 

the fasbion that is now common, or else tbey 
were painted with a small brush, as was proba- 
bly the general custom at first. 

Books were wriltea generally upon skins, 
linon, cotton cloth, or papyrus; parchment, in 
later times was most ealecmed. The several 
pieces, or leaves, were joined together so as tc 
make a single sheet from the beginning to the 
end. Th! 

is WAS then 

rolled round 

a stick, 

or if 

5, two stick 

s, IjeginnlDg 

Bt each end 

ig until tlio; 

met in the middle. 


on wanti-rf 

o rca.l, he 


it to 

e lie «isln-<j 

. an<l wlieo 

he was 


up ogam. 

The lines n 

ere writ 

cular colum 

present style. 

V size were 



V'Autiu me 

ns the «om 

B thing 

n Its 

.111 .16: 1. 

"Tftke thee 

n roll 

of a 

J write the 

ein nil the 

words I 


nto thee aga 

nst Israel." 

ally written 

on one 


Ihul which was i:iveii to Ezckiel, 
written, both within and teiVumt. 

Ezekiel 1: 9, 10. ''Aiid when I looked, be^ 
hold, a hand was sent unto me: and lo, a roll of 
a book was therein; and he spread it befovo 
me, and it was written within and wit/iaut; 
and there was written therein lamentations and 
mourning, and woe." 

From this 

once or a number of times, so that 
might have to be opened, iifter reading a part 
before the reader could proceed to the re- 

Isaah 29; U. "And the vision of all is be- 
j the words of a book that 

sealed, which men deliv 
saying, read tliis, I 
pray thee; and he 
saith, I cannot, for 
it is sealed." 

Then we have the 
account of the book 
sealed with seven 
seals, which no 

Revelation 6: 1, 
2,3. "And I saw 
in the right hand of 

s that is learned. 

, and is achieving an enviable success 

. ninman has opened a business college at 
tcr, Mass. Mr. Hinnoan is a thorough and 
utious teacher, and will undoubtedly give 
sfaction to all who mav favor him with 

College, by the Kev. Atldis Albro, M. 
Albro is a thoroughly competent instruc 
will undoubtedly bnild up a flourishing c 

conducts a cothraercial de- 
University, Canton. Mo. 
i penman. 

C. W. Robbit 
partment in Chr 
Mr. Robbins is ai 

C. W. Rice, teacher of writing at Bryant's 
Mii-itK/-is College, Chicago, III., incloses several 
-liiLiiiicns of business writing which are among 
ilir lifst we haVe received. Mr. Rice is one of 
tiiiL most promising young penmen. 

J. B. Moon, Powder Springs, Ga., sends very 
creditable specimens of practical writing and 

H. T. Loorais, teacher of writing at Bryant',-* 
(Biiifalo, N. Y.), Business College, is an accom- 
plished penman and teacher of writing. 

A numerous collection of well-written copy- 
-li|.~ an.i ciirds conu-s Irotn L. W. HaUett, who 
:■ -. ,. I,ii,_ >^.!n„■, ,1.1--,- in WestDanby, N. y. 

\ - I I I -I'linien of flourishing 

ii ' ' I, : 11 , i I A W Dudley, teacher of 

imiuj- 111 !l,L- >uiiili,_'in Indiiiua Normal College 
at Mitchell, Ind. 

Oscar Stephens, a student of the Joliet (III.) 
Business College, sends a good specimen of prac- 
tical business writing, 

J. C. Miller, teacher of writing at Allen's 
Business College, Mnnslield, Pa., incloses sev- 
eral slips of writing executed in a masterly 

a most exquisitely written lettei 
ease, grace and perfcctiou his 

i that I 

1 the 

throne, a book writ- 
ten within and on 
the biick side, seal- 
ed with seven seaht. 
And I saw a strong 
angel proclaiming 
with a loud voice, 
who is worthy to 
open the book( and 
to loose the seals 
Ihercof? And no 
man in heaven, nor 
in earth, neither 

the book, neiiher 
to look thereon." 

Letters were gen- 
erally in the form of 

J. B. R., Wheeling, W. Ya.— Shaded writin 
for business purposes is not objectionable froi 
the fact of its shade, but from its more difficid 
slow and correct execution, as compared wii 
unshaded writing, 

M. H. W., Harrisburgh, Pa.— Four numlici 
only of the new Spencerian Oompcndinni ui 
ready for sale. No. 5 will be ready in about 
month. All the numbers ready are mailed I'mt 
the office of the Jocbsal at the publisher'.-* \n i.-. 
BO cents per number. 

the letters pi 
tioniitc and \ 
their proper 
pass. These, 
ed with a pro 
will jrive good I; 
ncss writing. 


is the Eastern cus- 
tom at present, sent 

out being sealed, 
while tbosead- 
dressed lo persona 
of distinction were 
placed in a valuable 
purse or bag, which 
was lied, and then 
closed over with 
clay or was, and 
etanipedwith the wr 

The Roman Serinium, or book, 
of cylindrical shape ; the rolls are 
perpendicularly, with labels at th 
ing the titles. 

Those among the Jews who 
in the use of the pen, were of cc 
portance in society. They were 
from other men by havmg an 
to their girdle. 

Exekiel 9: 2. "And one 
was clothed with lin^n with 
by hi.-^ .side. And ilir l...ul 
through the city of .1. m .i. 
upon the forhcads ot .i!l i' .' 

Ink and pen, I licli,'\,' i- 
Bible but once; third Epis 
; "I bad many things i 

lid be derived 
' m blackboard 
■iting is ex- 

tical foi 

'a1 II ^f 


ho were skillful 
r considerable im- 
'cre distinguished 
ink-ho}-n fastened 


f John, ISlh 
■ite, but I will 
with ink and pen write unto thee." 
Second Epistle of John, 12th verse: "Having 
many things to write unto yon, I would not 
write with paper and ink ; but I trust to come 
unlo yon, and speak face to face, that our joy 
may be full."— D. L. Hfvsselman, in tlte 
Mvdern Argo. 

When Subacriptione May Begin. 
Subaeriptious to the Journal may date from 
any lime since, and inclusive of September 1S77. 
All the back numbers from that date with the 
four premiums will be sent for $3.00. All the 
numbers of 1880 and 1881, with either 
the premiums will be sent for $1.76. With all 
four of the premiums for $3.00. 

3 subscribe for the Joi'i 

Wc return our thanks to Messrs. Mille & which 
Drake, proprietors of the N. J. Business Colfee, 
Newark, N, .1., for invitafion t.j be prcsoulat 

H. C. Spencer, of the Spencerian Business ■''°"'*^ *** "^.'''^ ^"'^ ^^ere large capitals ,.,• writ- 
College. Washington, D. C, favors us with a ,'"? "V"^''.""''' **'" **''^ ad">''-''i">l>-, ^m,.|i ,,.. i„ 
' - .ecntcd in genuine Spencerian style, '^''S"'" ''''"'^'""■' '"f^"^'''''"""^- ^■"' Th. forer 

all that need be said. , ,"' ^'' i;""! '""'"'.. n n,,,v,'in-,iit >li„iild b..- em- 

ployed (or all wiiiiiii: ,,l :iri uniJiuirv size 
I'". H. Banker, of Lawrence, Kas., incloses sev- 1 With long and ,011-1. i„t |.i,,, ri^^' tlic ivholc arm 
-..liii.-r..^ ^'■''' ''Pf^cimcns of woll-executed practical writing ' niovement m,.v 1>,- .,> ,li-cJi,liiicd as in be suocess 
- fromihe , ""*' " specimon of flourishing. fully employed in striking the capitals upou the 

'""ft I'je I _ C. B. Ward, now with G. A. Gaskcll, Jersey ^""'" "■'"''' o*" <"-<l'"i'-J' 'writing, 
ituble. ^Vc City, N. J., incloses several specimens of plain I D. W. J., Cleveland, 0.. desire-' to Itnow if we 
' and foucy card writing which are very cred- ' do not favor teaching wriiii»tr ,iii!itv(i,.,liv Tp- 

I itablc. 

I Geo. Spencer, wKh the Northwestern Mutual 

I Benefit Association, writes an elegant Spence- 

L S. Haines, who is teacliing writing atum 
Arbor, Mich., is highly complimented lithe 
press of that city for his fine penmanshitind 
successful teaching. j 

C. F. Pond, principal of a select coinncini j S. G, Snell, Cisco, Me., 
school for ladies and gentlemen, 
Chestnut Sts., Philadelphia, ha: 
number of the names of his pupils as substtcrs 
to the JooRNAL. He says, in a letter of lent ^^_^_ 
date, " I tell my students that a good hantlrit- , ^leglili'tlv' 

But * 
eating our analysis 
authors have done. 

inbine- llic 

IStllind I graceful hand ; the writing, however, lacks pre- 

M. J. Goldsmith, teacher of writing at Moore's 

University, Atlanta, Ga., incloses in an 

letter several slips ofsuperb 

lilt method in the present 
-1 presenting more cffec- 
Its upon the leaching and 
course of lessons will be 

Wc notice that Prof V. N. Douglas, thijp- 
ular superintendent of penmanship and |k- 
kecping in the Lockport Public Schools, v a 
delegate to the Grand Chapter of the ral 
Arch Masons, recently in session at Albi— 
a compliment well bestowed — " Ooug.'^s j 
always a good boy. ' 

Joseph Foeller, Jr., of Aslilaud. Pa., writes an 
legant hand 

\ ^ ^^' 1 I student at Musselman's Busi- 

wing which he incloses. 

lought, prL 

tousands. perliaiis mllllonfl t] 

o dow >ipon a thought, proitiu 

A riipid penman can write thirty 
minute. Tbdo this he must draw his 
theMpaieofnrod.iBtteenanda h.ill I. 

a the gmro ot^e^gift. 


the most unexceptional caligraphy extnnt, inrii- 
ing the young iady to a matinee." She revolled 
ut the idea, rcAiaed to consider herself sacrific- 
able to his desires, and sent a polite note of re- 
fnsnl, on receiving which he procured a carbine 
and howie knife, said that he would not now 
forge fetters hymenial with the queen, went to 
an isolated spot, aevered the jugular vein and 
discharged the contents of his carbine in his ab- 
domen. The debris were removed by the cor- 

rfominarics for the training of teachers have 
existed in Prussia for nearly 200 years. 

W. E. Wells, author, andes-Superintendent of 
Public Schools of Chicago, has a collection of 
English grammars, by various authors, numbiT- 
ing over nine hundred, and has learned the titIo< 
of about four hundred others which he is desi- 
rous of obtaining. 

Can you, dear reader, interview Webster or 
Worcester in regard to the pronunciation of 
etiquette, subsidences, precedence, commandant 
vagary or extant, and not meet with one or more 

In nothing is illiteracy shown more easily and 

riy than in incorrect orttm^rapliy : and 

a Milijuct tor kiviiy, or we should be tempted 
to perpetrate a wicked joke at tlieir expense.— 
Nffriml M<mthly. The undertaker of that 
witticism better try again.— TVwc/iws' Guide. 

"Chawleg," languidly drawled Josephine 
looking up from her book, " I see one of the 
studies at West Point is trigonometry. What 
is trigonometry anyhow?" "Trigonometry," 
replied Charles, toying with an invalid mus- 
tache, " a— a— is the science of pulling trigger, 
of course." I thought so," said Josephine, re- 
suming her novel.— Jvornl^town Herald. 

looks pretty scruinptuons, don'i they?" and 
compiinion replying, "You betcher boots." 
a boy iloesn't talk lilu- a Rist-class gmmn 

for that matter, should observe this time-honored 
motto, " Whatever is worth doing at all, is worth 
doing well." 

Handwriting and Character. 
Tou never take a pen in liimd but vou are 
showmg something of your own character. The 
itjle of handwriting Is nn element 

determination of chamct... 
dashes ofl' a letter 
vhich tl 


, 1 which 

-.. much the 

his voice. Tnere is 

ixperts, like 
an certainly 

1 Vi. 

^■f written "indtjjcnd- 
thc error is doubtless 
uh language in which 

;nted to Ihe : 

—RroekfoTd Cnunrr, 

'Sit."— Many of the agricultural 
jrely troubled to know whether a 
If some editor of dignity 
1 the nest, and the editors 
would be well for the world. 

your mnjc! 

--J-...... „ It IS to l>csaidthata 

deal of humbug is often talked bv people 
who profess to be judges of handwriting. I 
showed a professor of caligraphy a letter whicli 
I had received. He took a very unfavorable 
view of the handwriting. It was the hand- 
writmg of a man without learning, without 
genius, without feeling. "And now. Sir," I 
said, "will yon look at the signature?" The 
letter was written by Lord Macaulay.— Z<?7i(fo7i 

although they 

^ Two young men have been sent out by King 
Kalukaua to Uermany for naval and liiilitary 

The number of optic nerve fibres is 437,000, 
and of retinal cones in each human eye 3,360- 

OOit. ' ' 

The Siberian University is rapidly becoming 
established. The Russian government, before 
the foundation stone was laid, had expended 

$366,000. A library of. ■ 

already " 

The State of New Jersey offers the sum of 
twenty dollars to every one of her free public 
schools, with which to start a library, provided 
the district raises as much more. Ten dollars 
i^ lidded yeiiriy, upon the same conditions. 

Of the colleges in this country ninety pro- 
nounce Latin according to the English method, 
seventy five follow the Continental method, and 
seventy-two have adopted the Roman or Latin 

According to the recent investigation of a 
(ierman scientist, the percentage of pupils who 
are near-sighted increases with alarming rapid- 
ity as the pupils increase in age. The percent- 
age of pupils at six years of age, found to be 
near-sighted, was 11 per cent., while at twcnty- 
oue years, no less than 62.1 per cent, were 
found to be alllicted in this manner. 

Theyeor 1881 will be a mathematical curios- 
ity. From right to left and from left to right it 
will read the same; 18 divided bv 2 gives 0; 81 
divided by 9 gives 9; if 81 be divided by 9, the 
quotient will contain a 9; if multiplied' by 9, 
the nrodn.f ,mit;iiii- ino nines. If the 18 be 
Med, the sum is 99. 
S 1, 8, 8, 1. it will 
1- of 81. By adding, 
, nineteen nines arc 
jvcry year needed to 

.jcentlv pr 

I Kient of the Unllcd States a massive and magni- 
liient writing-desk made from timbers of her 
Majesty's ship Resolute. 

At the dedication of the new Pardee Hall at 
Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., there were pres- 
ent the President of the United States, a portion 
of his Cabinet, and the General of the Army. 
The prosperity of tins college is largely owing to 
its president, Dr. Cattell. 

The College for Working-women in London, 
England, is eminently successful. 

placed,n,.|,.Ml.. s,., 
lftllMi-m,~ l„. .„[<[■, 
give _l^, .nul Is ,- i»., 

produced, licinj; mic 9 
complete the century. 

^he Sophomore cIom of anc jit^oun collraw) 

Little boy at the opening of a proposed spel- 
ling match: "Lets .«tart fair, grandmother; 
yon take Nebuchadnezzar, and I'll take cat." 

Instructor— Cite some of the references to 
Csesar's times." Student hesitates, and his next 
neighbor suggests, quite audibly, "Though lost 
to dtf, to memory dear." — EcJta. 

Teacher — "Suppose that you have two sticks 
of candy, and your big brother ^ 
more, how many have 
boy, (shaking his head) 
he ain't that kind of a boj-.' 

A college is a plai 

— her; neither 

hough the old hen mij 
1 if they would allow. 

aside, then ei 

.. -h-bench ; but he could set 
III "1 ii, -.wA neither the basin nor gram- 
• wiwM ..bJL'ci. He could sit on a dog's 
iliu Jug ueie willing, or he might set his 
it. But if he should set on the aforesaid 
set his foot there, the grammarians, as- 
the dog would howl. And yet, strung( 

Pitt's Precocity. 
William Pitt was born on the 28th of May 
1-759. He was the second son of that William 
Pitt, first Earl of Chatham, who, as the great 
Commoner, had ruled the House of Commons 
with an iron sway such as its members had 
never before experienced, and who, as Fii-st 
Minister of the Crown, had made the name of 
England feared in both hemispheres as she had 
never before been feared or has never since been 
feared. There are some men who, at a very 
oa,-iy age, give sigiis^of the fame they 

ward to obtain 
when a child of 
dinal du Perroi 




the tail 

told that Smeaton 
X, made a windmill; that Car 
when only seven, asked for g 

. - - book ngain>t thi' Hugitenots 

that West, when a boy, exclaimed, "A ]>aintcr is 
companion for kings!" that w 

down and neither be assailed by Hartley determined to write a book 
the grammarians.— ^i^f^Aeny I ture of man. Bacon a work on philosopi 

Bad Penmanship. 

n dif- 


the highest percentage of population of school 
age enrolled in the school, viz, 104, or 4 per 
cunt, more than the whole number between 2 
and 18 years of age, and also the highest per- 
centage of average daily attendance, viz, 77. — 
N. T. Sdwol Journal. 

The"; nither curious piece of com- 
p06ili<m "1- .r:(!v t,s,-,(i upon the black- 
hoard ;.( I I I ! ■ -r in Vermont, and a 

prize '■! I \\ Miiiiiy offered to any 

pLTsnii MJ, , ; mil pronounce every 

word eoiM . (I_. III. I k ^^ us not carried off, 

however, as twelve was the lowest number of 
mistakes in pronunciation made: "A sacrileg- 
ious son of Beliul, who suffered from bronchitis, 
having cxhauxled his finances, in order to make 
good the deficit, resolved to ally himself to a 
comely, lenient and docile young lady of the Ma- 
lay or Caucasian race. He accordingly pur- 
chased a calliope and coral necklace of the 
chameleon hue, and securing a suite of rooms at 
a principal hotel, he engaged the head 
his coadjuti " - 

kept during the period he is sowing his wild 
oats, and thus relieves his family of the annoy- 
ance of having hun about, — Bonioji Post. 

"Speaking of the dead languages, Professor," 
inquired the new student, "who killed them?" 
ipposed that they were killed by being 
studied too much. 

Fresliman in (Algebra), while the professor's 
back is turned (in a whisper): " Say, how do 
-JU get that quantity out from under the radi- 
il?" Another freshman, (consolingly), "Rub 

Said a college professor to a notorious lag- 
gard, who was once, for a great wonder, promptly 
in his place at morning prayers, and at Ihe ap- 
pointed time: "I have marked you, sir, as 
punctual this morning. What is your excuse?'' 
"S-s-ick, sir, and couldn't sleep," was the reply 

" In what condition was the patriarch Job at 
the end of his life? ' asked a Brooklyn Sunday- 
-chool teacher of u quiet-looking boy at the foot 
of the class. " Dca<l," calmly replied the boy.— 
liurlington Hawkeye. 

We ought to spell the word potato "(ihongh- 
|ihtli.i;;hti'iiii," iiecording to the following rule: 

'''"' I N' N f,,i i,_ ,,s you'll find from the last 
'' ' ■ ' ii. 'lugJi stands for 

in epic poem, and DeThouabistiny". V.j„i,g 
belonged to this precocious oider. At a 
when most boys are scarcely out of the 

.'ly he was a brilliant scholar. His l<^..n...- 

ledge of the classics was profound. He w 

of the most useful f»'her, he 

branches of education- yet it is splendid sire, h^ 

, , thouglits ill sei 

byour best „ny,„,,j,,^jh^ 

profouudest points o " 

I of his 

)st painfully neglected, 
educators, as well as 

taught, when a child, 

express his 

English,and how i 

Tested him from 

glad that I 

," he said to his mother, 
a of the Chatham peerage: " I i 

the House of papa/'" Alrendv 
genms had laid open before him his r.iture In' 
deed, never in the annals nf i,,. ,-.,|,i,., .... ,.',i,un 

His tutor had t 

[Q. developing ihe 

Hayley, the pm 

■ s of this 

scholar. The atrocious penmanship of the Int. 
Dr. Gtetey. for many years the most brilli 
editorof the United States, will probably ren 
the tjcme of disparaging comment as long 

will Jie recollection of that good man. ".„» 

writiife served the purpose of many a practical '""!''''' '^"*'^^ '^'^ ' 

joke.fome of which, perhaps, might bear re- ThfrethT'"' ''' 

peatife. One one occasion, having become dis. " 

gustcJ with the continued Idunders of 

positAhe wrote an order for his dis^,,-.., 

whiclft is said the compositor used for yeai 

after«|ds as a testimonial of his splendid abil ii , 

from (leley. On another occasion, he wrot. 

longlelr to a certain government official givii,: 

his opifcn. as he was in the habit of doin.- I «as „nH,. ti.« i ii' k- "■'.^i'""" ""»^'- apeecn 

ipt. found that he hnd - ' - ' mitrht hp m-t .1,,,= » ,.„ .. v„„ .....,_ , ' .. 
hottoniBcnp; he then called in rv,,, , 

departments, who were n [ ( , i 
it, He theuenclosed rli, i, . 

in New York, with a requr-^ , 
call perAlly at the Tribune office, and 
interprcAju, whicli he whs requested to frrite 
out andjward. The New-Yorker called 
the 7V(VA oflice in due time, and was shown 
to Grcelotoffice. Upon presenting the 

t was introduced to 
rival, and the great 
speech after speech 

— Temple Bar. 

Scene between Professor and Freshman. 
" How dare you swear before me, sir" Fresh., 
(triumphantly) " How did 1 know you wanted to 
swear first." After the scene that ensued, the 
Freshman gathered himself np and silently stole 
away. — Amherst Student. 

Letter to _a teacher. — Miss Q. Don't teach 

my bOy no more sounding of his a b b's i'U 
learn him that at home. And don't waist yonr 
lime over the jimiiastics — he gits ennf of ihcm 
over the back gate. You hav too much foolin 

lipt for >rprctation, Mr. Greeley 

Greeley h 
with him, 
of any pi 
even clain 
of genius, 

he showu 

they had 
Bud pcnmi i 
cusable sh 
for any pci 

He then dispatched a letter in One of our State exchanges speaks of " the 


A painter having restor 
church was requested to [ 
he did as follows: For 

.. „„^ I Tables of the Law, $l,2fi 

conceded fact by "P ^''ate and put a gold tn^ 

all who were acquainted ?; ''"'''"§ P"'."" ^ '"'"' '"' 
"I Peter and pamted again 

or ills il«y. Mnio personsbovo mivnriillo llislioiid, J1.J6; !,,, I,,,,,,,. „,.|,,,| 

Imt poor penmniiBliip was a mai-k "'^ ''"'^ °^ "'* tnaitl servaiitofGiiiiiplms and put 

il Greelcv and otiicr noted men ,™"°° °" '""' ''""'">• *0.50 ; for having 'renewed 

pennten as pfoofof -M, abs„d &°',rSnrSr..:'S ?,'=' 

: same liypothesis, it could 'O'-y and restoring a few souls, n 75 ; for having 

of our greateal statesmen '"""• "''* 6°''' "lo robe of Herod, putting in 

e for their fine talents but ."'"'«,'«"';. »"'' ^''"g his wig. »I.4Ii ; for havhig 

' ""' ' lengthened the tail of the dog of Tobias and filed 

a siring to his traveling bag, 82.00; for having 

cleaneil the ears of the a.s of Balaam and ahood 

11, $2.50 ; for having painted and shaded the Ark 

"» Noah, $4.75. 

rkable for their fine talents, but 
ikards, were geniuses heeause I a'S'ig 
ioeutric habit of getting tipsy. 

mark of a .sloven and 
ness, and it Is a grand mistake 
> attribute to any one an e«ra- 

of ability on aeeount of his bad | Back Wmnbem 

TCreto try to eonvinee one of There are renniining a few of all the haek 
.blehan,e., that a very poor work, numbers of the Jof 

'. we certamly would be laughed the September number ! 877 
Webelieve,then,thatwhoeverJ,^,,o Jan. 1st, 1881, whiei, will be .env ,or 
penmanship, or anything else I »3.00; with all four of the premiams lor $3.60. 

Single M 
i^«ntA. Specimei 


1 column »3fiO0 »W 00 »100 

KivttDce ; I 
Beading n 


ThePamily Becord. 




Well ill 

,■< thu 

skill, hftvc learned to write by practicing from 
copies and who have not aubsequently 
changed their hands by practicing under widely 
different dreiimstances; there may not be the 
very marked distinguishing characterielics or 
personality common to handwriting. 

It id the peculiar eccentricities of habit in 
writing as it is tbe figure, dress, fee. in persons 
which readily and certainly deternimeB their 
identity. A peraonof medium size, having regular 
features, without excentiioity of habit or dress, 
makes no marked impression and is not readily 
identified, while a dwarf, cripple, giant, or per- 
son ciccptional in dress Or peculiar in habit, 
ihalleuges aH.»ntion, and is recognized en cas- 
ual acquaintance or even at sight. So.different 
ng of regularly formed letters 
combined and shaded according to some stand- 
liable to have many coincidences 
of form and apparent habit, which rcndtPB their 
indentity, when questioned, diffiicult and some- 

ues uncertain. 

The following is a specimen of writinR not 
highly characteristic and of the style in which 
coincidences would be frequent. 

The following 
would be few. 

Fei-sons are never so identical in form, 
fcature-t, dress, habit &c., as to be misluk- 
en by intimate acquaiutances, and usually 
where astrong personal resemblance is apparent 
to strangers, it ceases to be so upon (i more inti- 
mate acquaintance. So, two different handwrit- 
ings of nearly equ^il size, uniform slope, *hadi>, 
io. may as a whole, or in its pictorial effect, pre- 
sent to the eye of a novice or casual observer, 
mycli the same appearance, yet to one fnniilittr 
with tliem or to an expert examiner, they ivould 
hf without characteristic- rpaoruhlac*=*. V. 

I The handwriting of every adull must inevita- 
bly have multitudinous distinctive and habitual 
pecuUarities, of which the writer is more or lesi 
unconscious; such a* initial and terminal lines 
forms of letters, their relative propoitions, conj 
nect'ons, turns, angles, spacing, slope shading 
(in place and degree), crosses, 'iots, orthngrapli 
punctuation, &c., &c. These peculiarities being 
habitual, and mainly unconscious, can 
successfully avoided or simulated through 
tended piece of writing. No writer can avoid 
that of which he is not conscious, nor can 
copyist take cognizance of and suocessfully 
produce these multitudinous habitual peculiari 
ties, and at the same time avoid his own habit 
A writer may with the utmost ease, enl 
change the general appearance of his wrii 
this may be done by a change of slope, wi. 
by using a widely different pen, yet in spite | 
all effort his unconscious writing habit will \ 
main and be perceptible in all the details of B 
writing; such an effort to disguise ones writif 
could be scarcely more successful than woulde 
a disguise of ihe person to avoid recognition. 

n specimen of writing consid- 
ind in which ooincidenccs 

art- conducted, by honest intelligeuce or knavish 
ignorance, and we have no reason to believe 
that all the knaves who profess to teach, are 
confined to business colleges. 

As regards the practical utility of such a 
course of training as is given in a really first- 
class Business College there is no more ground 
to doubt than there is regarding all schools for 
special education. Few persons would ques- 
tion the value of a course of military training 
for a soldier, or of medicine, law, theology, or 
engineering, Ac, to their i-espective practi- 
tioners. The science of occounts, the art of 
penmanship and a general knowledge of the 
forms and customs of business are just as much 
a matter for special study and teaching as are 
any of the above named specialties and are more 
generally useful than any of them, since to a 
greater or less degree those branches are called 
into use in every other profession and pursuit. 

According to Pmk no business man would 
presume to entrust a Business College graduate 
with the keeping of a set of books. To our 
knowledge many have done so, and as they have 
found safely, and, we, have not the slightest 
doubt, that there ore quite as many business men 
who would trust a Business College graduate 
to keep their books, as there are who would 
entrust themselves or friends if sick, in the 
hands of a freshly graduated medical student, 
or their legal affairs to the recent graduate of a 
law school. As a nmttcr of fact, in all these 
cases the expfricn^^i'd umi Iricd practitioner is 
to be prcferiMl ; Hil' Hiisiiir-s Cullcgc graduate 
must no niori' |.n<vc bi- liliiL-s* ami ability to 

The Penman's Gazette, 
We Ifum from Prof. G. A. Oaskcli that ho i< 
about to resume the monthly publication of the 
PenvxaiCn Oaeette which no doubt many of our 
renders will be pleased to learn and will join u» 
in wishing it success. Prof. Gaskell is uu able 
am) fluent writer, his experience as editor and 
author will undoubtedly enable him to conduct 
a really first-class penman's paper. We shall 
welcome the Gazette with no spirit of jealousy 
or envy, there is ample room and work for 
two penman's papers. We shall hope that every 
penman will find it to his interest to subscribe 
for bolh the .Todrnal and OazHte, and have no 
doubt they will find it the best investment of two 
dollars they can make. It is safe to say that 
neither the Joiirnal or Gazette will be any the 
less intere-iting or valuable from the publication 
of the other, 

auil responsibility thai 

The impcmtive force of habit is manifest in all 
the social and industrial conditions and relations 
of life, extending to the minutest details of hu- 
man thought and action. It is observed in the 
salutation, shake of the hand, the artisan's skill, 
the training of oratory and music. Habits 
formed from a long and frequent repetition, he- 
come as it were, a part of the individual and 
cannot be at once abandoned oravoided. Prob- 
ably there is nothing in which this is more mani- 
festly a fact than in a persons handwriting. 
Writing being a complicated mechanical struc- 
ture, acquired at first by study and practice, and pursuing a 
subsequently modified and individualized by 
long practice, presents a eombination of the hab- 
it of thought and mechanical effort, more com- 
plex and full of habitual detail than any other 
human acquirement. 

The haudwriting of differc nt individuals diffei-s I to young men, and ladies 
in appearance and characteristics as widely as graduates of these 
does the physiognomy, style of dress and 
personal appearance of th 
ings are as certainly dis', 
other as are the writers. 

Puck and BusineBS Colleges, 
In a recent issue Puck, to lise a comm 
parlance, j<i8t went for Business Colleges, d'- 
acterixing them as humbugs of the worst ft, 
and their gniduates as being inferior to tpt 
of an ordinary public school, even charginpjal 
in most instances young men suffered polvc 
injury rather than deriving advantage 

• of studv i 

) of thdn 

wish or purpo to 
become the special champion of Bu-siiicsol- 
Icges or of any special education, but fioiiiir 
long and close observation of Business Oge 
work and the advantages which have relcd 
ho haveicn 
re are prfled 
denounce PucU^s sweeping charges asriig 
1, and the writ- I unjust and unwarranted, 
ble from each That th«re have been so-called BusineJol- 
I leges, and college professors which wer 
It sometimes happen* that in general appear- and frauds we would not deny, nor oou 
ance different handwritings, as do different per- Piiek deny a similar chaise if made 
sons, have a marked resemblance to each other, I some of the so-called institutes, academicdni- 
in which case mistaken identity is iiable ; in the nariea and some other institutions digi 
handwriting, except by penionsfamilinrwithitor the titles of university nnd college, thi 
those who make a careful scientific examination, that each of any of the above named inst|ons 
and of the persons except by intimate acquaint- 1 arc meritorious or otherwise precisely fiey 

tility of 

fill a positiun 

the graduates of any other 

a certain sense must serve a routine of practice 

and gain promotion or place as they prove their 

merits. Each will have a broader and more 

comprehensive understanding of their profession 

from having pursued a special course of study 

and training. This is as true of the Business 

College graduate as of any other. 

In our opinion the day when the 
special schools for business training en 
more questioned than any other class 
has long since passed, and, although, as a rule. 
Puck is well up with the times, on the Business 

hi-hind the .igc. 

A World's Fair in 1883. 

The Worid's Fair to be held in New York, 
in 1883, on the centennial anniversary of the 
signing of a trealy of peace by Great Britain, is 
now promising for success. 

The Commission has been organized with 
General Grant as its President. The Commis- 
sion ia comprised of able and responsible men, 
which, together, with the liberal contributions 
of funds being made to defiay the expense of 
the fair, are an ample guarantee of its complete 

The Egyptian Obelisk. 
On the 22d of January the Egyptian Obelisk 
was rai.sed to its position in Central Park. 
It was first erected iu Egypt .1600 years ago. 
It was subsequently removed to Ale-xandria, 
where, after lying prostrate twenty-three years, 
it was ei-ccted twenty-three years B. C, before 
the palace of the CiDsars. The Obelisk was 
presented to the United States hy Ismail Pa.sha, 
and was transported to New York by Lieut. 
Gorringe, at nn expense of $75,000, which was 
paid by W. H. Vandeibilt. 

The Census of 1860. 

gives the population of the United States at 
50,152.5.H. an inoi-ease of neariy )2,000,0oe 
in ten years. The five largest States in their 
order are New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illi- 
nois and Missouri ; the five largest cities. New 
York, which has l,aotl,6{iO; Philadelphia, 846,- 
984 ; Brooklyn. 00(1,089; Chicago, 608,304; Bos- 
ton. 362,B35. The population of New York 
City alone exceeds the entire aggregate popu- 
lation of the five States of Now Hampshire, 
Vermont, Rhode Island, Nevada and Oregon; 
and, should we add to its population that o| 
Brooklyn, Jersey City, Hoboken and othe 
suburbs, which are really a part of New York, 
we have a population of over 2,000,000; tO 
equal which would require the additional States 
of Delaware, Oolomdo, Florida, and the District 
of Columbia, 

The King Clubs 
For the past month conies again from C ,W. 
Boucher, Teacher in the Commeicial depftrU 
ment of the Northen Indiana Normal School, 
Valparaiso, Ind., and numbers seventff'fiw 
names. This makes an aggregate of thrtte hun- 
dred names sent by Mr. Boucher within a period 
of loss than five months, and by far the largest 
number scut by any other single person within 
that period. The second largest club cornea 
from n. T. Loomis, teacher of writing in Dry* 
ant's (Buffolo) Businesw College, and numbcPg 
thirty-seven The third club in size conieB from 
Charles R. Frailey, Lancaster, Pa., numbering 
eighteen. The month previous he sent a club 
of twelve. The past, has been emphatically a 
month of clubs, for which we return our* 
thanks, und shall endeavor to reciprocate by 
sending a constantly improving paper. 

School management, 
is the title of an highly interesting and valuable 
little work by Prof. Amos M. Kellogg, editor 
of the The Km York SchoolJmirnnl It con- 
tains many^valuablesuggestious to teacher regard- 
ing school work. 

An appropriate and highly Interesting Intro- 
diiclion is written by Thomas Hunter, Pre&ldpHt 
of the New York Normal College, f rof KelloKi-' 
Is ftn cxputliiQcuJ uiiJ poputnr tpntfher ahd i- pTil- 
inenlly fitted by his long experience as a teacher 
and observer of school methods to give, as he 
does in his book, the best and most valuable 
advice regarding every department of school 

Special Rates to Clubs. 

To favor teachers and pupils in schools wh 

numerous copies of the Journal are desii 

wc offer to mail it one year on the following v 

favorable terms : 

2 cople* »7.75l 15 copiea ( 

■I copies S.2S I !S copies 1 

n copicH n.GU I '00 copiea... . i 

To each subscriber will be mailed, as a pre- 
mium, with the first copy of the Journal, as 
they may designate, either the "Bouuding Slag," 
2'lx32, the "Flourished Eagle," 24x32, ihc 
"Lord's Prayer," 10x32, or the "Picture of 
Progress," 22x28, For 50 cents extra all four 
of the premums will be sent. These premiums 
were all originally executed with a pen, and are 
among the masterpieces of pen art. Either of 
them, to an admirer of skillful penmanship, is 
worth the entire cost of a year's subscription. 

Extra Copies of the Journal, 
will be sent free to teachers nnd others who do- 
sin- to make an effort to secure a club of sub- 
scribers. . 

The Business of the New York Post 
Some conception of the magtiilmU- nf tlic busi- 
ness of the New York Post Office may be l.nn, 
cd from the following figures which we U.wi- 
compiled from the recent official report of Hi. 
office for 1880. There was handled 410,7.; I, 
780 pieces of mail matter. There was delivcK il 
by caniepfl in the city 265,232,758 pieces. Th. 
mony order transactions amounted to |61,:^.;i. 
749. Receipts for stamps, envelopes and 
curds, fS, 107,398. For newspapei-s meiclun 
dise, &c., $316,520. The total revenue of ili. 
office was $3,490,884. Tho expense of ili. 
ofllce $765,558, leaving a net revenue of t2.7.'pN, 
717, There are employed 297 carriers onU 07 1 


#ilTYOf m^^^ '4 -OEM* 



^yifm-f-cA-'-decteytcir/off /" /' ^.y/';' < c P,/c>i,'yHM-7^yCCrP 

^e/f-/ rc-' c^ii^u^re / f r^ //f ^// /? /a>/ rCciy,^X>' 




ImporVxnl office to u;Hcli.T:\ek.s "beea appoirvtei 







Ancient Cities. 
Nineveh was liftocu milL--; ion-, fi^lit 
and ibrly miles round, ivitli :i uill n,,, In 
feet higb, and thick enou-rti i.i tl. , 
abrca*it. Babylun was iitt\ n i , i 

walls, which were 87 feet ihu ., .,ii i , , 
with 100 brazen gates. The JVii.|iii 
at Ephe^iis, was 420 feet to tlic Mipim 
POof. It was 100 jeai-.s Id building. T 
of the pyramids is 401 feet high, and 
sidt-!-; ils bii>e cover- 11 acres. TIr 





Inclose ten cents for n specimen copy of the 
JouBSAi, A single dime is a trifle, but when 
usf-regated to thousands it is not n trifle Arniin 
you wish a copy of the Jovrsal, which w of 
value to you and n cost to U8. The cost of 
single copy to you is a trifle, but the cost of 
many is much to m. 

If you want good pens cnelosc ^a t-cnia loi 
quarter p-03=<, or $1 for full gross of Ame's 

The firefly only shines when on the \ 
It 18 with the mind when once we 

D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 

1. a fttiil 5 DowD SraEKT, New York. 

dura bib biudi 
binder. Seal 

The Common Sense Binder 

itnicU-rt OH toeeinc bolh 

n.-cvlpt o( SI. 

2(19 llroadwajr, Kew York. 

Silica t e 




PLIABLE SmcATi;'uL,\C]UiUAltr 

I N Tf -°li ""'"■' '"' "" "l"" (iodudUie sold 

FOlt SAZ.E at II biuvoiu ; 
CoinmorcUkl Colli-ge, I 
portlculurs nppl; to Couiuii 


Superior Writing Inks, 


IVrltIng:, Curyln?, lUarkini^, Indellblv, 
Slninpin^i Japan, Siylugraptilc, 



•. County Clerk. 
Offlce of Supt. of writing In HiRli and piiblic SchoolH. 

doiDR moro for fltudentc i 

In Bizo, made from toiiRh 
proper care will last a life 

guarantee to place it in th 
condition. Price, in 3 or 

eight, cither OQ straight or 
is having ». rapid eale and Ib 
penmanship than an? other 

the public. lli8 3U)i8Viin, 

liine. An Analytical AJpha- 
• hands of purchasure in good 



An ln«tn.mont for enlar 

KinR and reducing dcslRns 


■ 8. JoKBs, Supt. I J™T ' 

-'., JuIyOth, 18«0 ■ o'l'' 

BTO mod your Inks, exchiaively. for tho I J^t li 

[ rapidly and hand- 

aSsriHErS^SSi Photo and Photo-Lithographs 

uirtng your Inkswilh groat i 
part ia] to Inks that " " " 
tiiuu ihow dialiiictly at oum 

* partial to Into that flowrtvelya; 

how dialiiictly at one* tlie lUi est lino. 

by gas-Ui[tit or daylight, wo pwfer yonr Dwp Blaok. or 
Hnun Bn^i xf..».n..Mi^ 1..1— _.,_.. Your I''ancy laki I 

H. W. Kibbe. 


consider them the heat yet provided for thorough busi- 
ucAs traming. Sample copies of the Univeniity Book- 

. byr 

Addretw the publisher, Q. T. OPLINQER, Slat/ngl'iin; 


Will mail to any address the following t 


Jersey Ciiy Bii<.iiii>«« ColletTv* 

23 and U Newark Avenue, Jere.'y City, N. J. 
Gaskeij,, Priniipnl. A. H. Stepkenhon. Secy. 
Bryant & Straliou Co1U>kc, 

Cor. Manchester and Elm Stroets, 

yo. 7 UOBART ST., Wiixi'SSs. jr. } rri„ """' 

nnOA. M. Y. { OlniuUn of both free for etompa. 

i Card Boanl. '.'JxSS. tor white Ink 60 

( Cards per thousand, by express 3 00 

per sheet, qnlie, 

t's drawlg-paper, hot-press, llixSO In., $ 15 (1 20 

ma* In.'.' ao a ao 

28x10 in!! 06 7 00 

aixS2ln.. 1 70 30 00!"""".".'*.'!! 2 00 

" " 1.000, by express.. 1 SO 

or & Newton's super sup. lud. Ink, pr stick., 'i 00 

Dicutal Cards, 12 designs, per pack of 26 

" by cxpreea i oo 

I iia ink, per bottle, by express 66 

N, "to^aa'Uiy."! 30 

McLt^cs' Alphabets 2 fiO 

Cougdou's Normal system of Flourixhing 50 

" " Lettering 80 

Both FloiulsMng and Lettering 70 

Key to Sponccri;nPonman«liip. ..... 60 

Speucerian Compendium 1 25 

SpfinKO Rubber, 2x2 ln„ very superior, per piece,. 60 

SlrMi- Cli.fli. i..ue y,'ir.l wide, any length, per yard. 

305 Bboaswax, New York. 


J-o-st I^-ULlDXisItLed- 

Sadler's Counliii House Arilkelic. 

PRACTICAL TEXT-BOOK for BiiBinoM CoUL>g«i, High Solio 

limccaK couiseof etud; adapted to thai practical appticatioa o( 

■ 'inceptiou or eudden Impulse, but one o( those self-imposed t* 
V Venn, aad corner forth at this time to Eiipply a praoticAl test-b 
od by the undersigned and by him peraoni 

indautly proved by the mimerous orders reoeiv 



7 as to how 1 like your new Counting House Arithmetic, I answer better 

stber Aritlimolic now published. It is specially adapted for Commi 
1 to become a ntandard work of reference iu the countinn room. I 
iquire regarding Its merits. Respectfully youi 

explanutiouBftnd niles are clear, conolse and pointed. I am glad to give your work my hearty oppro- 

tive analysefl of commen^iiii topics not only" pic* 

BelievmK that a commendation is only valuabli 
tiouallj- V 

: info my schools, and am highly pleased with it. My teac 

cellent in regard to qucstioi 

ishing you unbounded si 

J. M. MARTIN k BRO- Propn ors 
E Creek. Miuh., Sept.' 20th 80 

T pupils since its adoption. 

Sir ; Your Counting House Arithi 

' highly pleaaed ^ 

for OUT pupils sine ^ 

Very reepectfuUy yours, 

Bktant *! Stbatton B 

y unquaUaed approval. Have usi 

D. M. McLachlas Prindpa 

Specimen copies of Sadler's Counting House Arithmetic, for examination will be sent nos na d 

now m course of publication. Part I. wUl be issued February 1, )8S0. 
To llie Public. 
Cople8ofthoArithmelictoanynddre8S,,»2.00. W. H- SADLER. Pub, and Pres't 



rfinn-inship goes everywhen; 
M^AsZ. Jersey aty Buaiueia 

nold'd Writing 


n Series of 


^OPCflARSTmP£/l/S/A/ use ' 

. A\\^\\^^S ^'»JLX.^'^ ^Wl 

f:^^^ >-'-:^i^ 


[1 especially for displaying HandbUls ' 
e, etc. By using these Outs, HaudUU 

to any address, at low prices. InclLise 


- Diitloitiasi and Specimen 

nipt, oconc 

College Currency, Tcstimoi 

D. T. AMES, 205 Rroadtvay, New York. 

L '20 NiiuibcrM« Muit* 
rj- Htj'lv of ivritin^. 

SAJTIPI.ES of the l«a< 

ccipt of 10 cenlwi Iviboii. 
Blakeman, Taylor Sc Co., T.'i.l 
Broadivay, Nciv York. 


A few of the Best Specimens of Improvement in Handwriting 



{^iidj--J caching Pcimans/,//.), received the paU Month 

^^.a!^c.uL^ r^^^feel 

I'ruf. (i. A. (lASKELL. friacipa} Jrnrt, dhj II,,,, mis C„llr„r. 


e coiimry./r«fl to thoao wrTung fori